Any investor’s portfolio is his or her own small business, and any business should have a well-articulated plan to help it run successfully and efficiently.
So with Year 1 of our real-money, real-time Dividend Growth Investing endeavor now in the books, I thought it would be a good time for an update.
Every month, Daily Trade Alert will allocate $2,000 for DTA contributor Mike Nadel to make two stock buys for the Income Builder Portfolio. Primarily using the Dividend Growth Investing strategy, he will choose each company, and he will write at least one article about each selection. He will execute each purchase and provide proof of each transaction. He will maintain and monitor the IBP, reporting regularly on its progress.
Jan. 16, 2018.
Build a reliable, growing income stream by making regular investments in high-quality, dividend-paying companies.
The secondary goal is to build a portfolio that will experience good total return, something we believe will occur organically because of the excellent companies owned.
Build a portfolio that will produce at least $5,000 in annual dividends within 7 years of the IBP’s inception.
Many investors will have (and should have) a longer time frame in mind. Indeed, DGI is a long-term strategy that truly bears fruit after years (or better yet, decades) of compounding.
Nevertheless, we are realistic enough to know that this project might not last for multiple decades, so we are choosing a shorter time frame as the Income Target.
The following table shows how the IBP’s income stream (“Dividends”) potentially could grow over time. It assumes 5% annual dividend growth and 2.5% yield – numbers we believe are very conservative and likely attainable.
In Year 1, $24,000 ($2,000 monthly) invested at a 2.5% yield would produce $600 in projected dividends. That $600 would grow 5% annually. “Drip” refers to new assets purchased by reinvested dividends — essentially, dividends from dividends. “New Div” represents the dividends the IBP expects to bring in via the following year’s $24,000 investment.
But again, for the sake of this project, the stated Income Target is at least $5,000 annually by the end of 2024.
After a few years, as the income stream grows, a new target could be established.
Note that when discussing income for the purposes of the IBP, the reference is to “projected” or “forward” income.
For example, IBP component Dominion Energy (D) recently announced a 10% increase to its annual dividend, from $3.34 to $3.67 per share, with the first quarterly payment of .9175 to be made in March 2019.
So an investor who owned 10 shares at the end of 2018 could expect to receive $36.70 in income in 2019. That forward income is what is included in the “Dividends” column of the table above.
Daily Trade Alert’s $2,000/monthly commitment is open-ended. However, DTA could increase or decrease its funding level for the IBP at any time (or eliminate it entirely). Should the commitment be changed in any way, the Business Plan will be updated accordingly.
DTA will retain all profits and income produced by the portfolio, and it also will incur any capital losses.
More than $2,000 can be spent on the two monthly purchases only if cash is left over from previous months. For example, if two July buys cost $954 and $987 and two August buys cost $1,013 and $976, it means that $3,930 of the available $4,000 was used for those four buys; therefore, we would be able to spend up to $2,070 on the two August transactions.
DTA will pay all commissions and fees associated with building and maintaining the portfolio.
Twice every month, Mike Nadel will select the companies that will be bought with the money provided by DTA. He might initiate new positions or add to existing holdings.
He will assess each company’s business model, dividend growth history, “moat” (competitive economic advantage), financial strength (through metrics such as earnings, revenue and free cash flow), and other readily available data.
Dividend Growth Investing will be the preferred strategy when selecting companies. DTA contributor Dave Van Knapp’s DGI primer can be found HERE.
Because the IBP will be held in a taxable account, Daily Trade Alert prefers not to invest in foreign companies that levy withholding taxes. Master limited partnerships and other investments with complicated tax situations also will be avoided.
Stocks will not be shorted. Margin will not be used. The IBP will not use options, futures, derivatives or similar trades.
There are no plans to include ETFs or mutual funds in the IBP. Nevertheless, they are not forbidden if a compelling case can be made to add them.
Although valuation will be considered before each purchase, it will be a secondary consideration to the perceived quality of the company.
An investor making sizable additions to a large, established portfolio might be primarily concerned with valuation. The IBP, however, is a DGI portfolio that will be built over time through regular $1,000 purchases – similar to the concept of dollar-cost averaging.
When trying to decide between two or more similar companies, the more attractively valued stock usually will be selected.
Dividends will be automatically reinvested right back into the companies from whence they came, a process informally called “dripping.” This simple, cost-effective method of increasing each position’s share count is another form of dollar-cost averaging.
Schwab houses the IBP account; like most major brokerages, it offers no-fee dripping.
The IBP will not own more than 50 companies.
There is no minimum yield requirement. Nor must a company have been growing dividends for a certain number of years. Companies that don’t even pay dividends could be selected. This is a DGI portfolio, however, so yield and income-growth history will be considered during the stock-selection process.
It is strongly preferred that no company produces more than 10% of the portfolio’s income or makes up more than 10% of the IBP’s total value.
If a company does surpass 10% in either of those categories, that stock will not be considered for future purchases (except dividend reinvestments). Therefore, any company that does exceed 10% gradually will see that percentage fall as the rest of the portfolio is built up. If a position grows so much that it is expected to make up more than 10% of the portfolio for the foreseeable future, it could be trimmed.
The IBP will be diversified across sectors, industries and dividend characteristics (yield, growth rates, histories, etc.).
The following graphic, from Simply Safe Dividends, shows the sector breakdown of the Income Builder Portfolio at the end of its first year of existence, 2018. (This is presented as an example, and it does not necessarily represent future expected sector percentages.)
Portfolio turnover will be held to a minimum, so selling will be rare. However, the IBP will be closely monitored, and there will be reasons to seriously consider selling a company:
- There are fundamental changes to its business model or viability.
- It reduces, freezes, suspends or eliminates its dividend.
- It is going to be acquired by or merged with another company.
- It is going to buy another company or to spin off businesses it operates.
- It becomes extremely overvalued.
- It makes up too large a percentage of the portfolio.
Again, those are reasons to CONSIDER selling a company. There are no “automatic sell” triggers.
If Mike Nadel decides to sell a company, he will write an article detailing the reasons. He also will choose a replacement stock to be bought with proceeds from the sale, and he will explain why it was a better choice for the IBP.
IBP updates will be presented in Daily Trade Alert articles several times per year.
The Business Plan will be reviewed annually and updated as necessary.
The Income Builder Portfolio’s positions, complete with regularly updated income and value data, can be viewed HERE. That page also includes links to IBP-related articles.
WRAPPING THINGS UP
We understand that many DGI practitioners, especially younger investors or other newcomers to the strategy, might not have $1,000 available to invest twice a month. After all, $24,000 per year is a pretty big chunk of change.
No sweat. Whether you have $200 per month to invest or $200,000 or anything in between, the principles will be the same.
For that matter, we are not suggesting fellow investors replicate the Income Builder Portfolio.
This project is about demonstrating the process of building a reliable, growing income stream through DGI, discussing concepts and principles, and presenting interesting investment candidates for further research.
Happy investing, everybody!
— Mike Nadel